Known as- Carolina allspice
Grow Zone - 4 to 9
Type- Deciduous shrub
Smith Scl. hardy? No
Geography- Southeastern United States
ht.- 6 to 10 ft.
Span- 6 to 12 ft.
Shade/Light- Full sun to part shade
Moisture- Medium dampure
Hi/Lo Maint- Low
Easily grown in average, moderate wet, well-drained soil in full sun to
part shade. Grows somewhat taller in shade than in sun. Tolerant of a
wide range of soils, but prefers rich loams. Prune immediately after flowering
to shape or maintain compactness. Tends to sucker and often forms colonies
in the wild. Remove root suckers promptly if naturalization is not desired.
Carolina allspice is a dense, rounded deciduous shrub with a suckering
habit which grows 6-9” (less frequently to 12”) tall with
an equal or slightly greater spread. Features very fragrant, brown to
reddish-brown flowers (2’ across) which bloom at the ends of short
branchlets in May. Flowers give way to brownish, urn-shaped fruits (seed
capsules) which mature in fall and persist throughout the winter. Lustrous,
dark green (pale beneath), ovate to elliptic leaves to 6’ long turn
golden yellow in fall. Leaves are aromatic when bruised. Best to purchase
this plant when in flower because the quality and intensity of the fragrance
can vary widely from plant to plant. Also commonly called sweetshrub and
strawberry bush in reference to the fragrant blooms which have been described
as combining hints of pineapple, strawberry and banana. Further common
name of hairy allspice is in reference to the hairy twigs and leaf undersides
of this plant. U.S. native from Virginia to Florida.
No serious insect or disease problems.
Specimen near front door, patio or other living areas where the fragrant
flower aroma may be enjoyed. Shrub borders. Foundations. Native plant